Volume 3 Issue 3 2023

Factors Influencing the Choice of Contraceptive Methods among Women of Reproductive Age Attending Kampala International Universty-Teaching Hospital Bushenyi District

Emmanuel Kisega

Department of Medicine and Surgery, Kampala International University, Uganda.


The choice of contraceptives has continually become mixed up with all methods being utilized for births control, where the success of mixture in choices was realized, unwanted pregnancies were reduced by 87.3% mainly in Europe and north Asian countries although challenges in the uniform choices remain in Africa, South America and south Asia. To assess the factors influencing the choice of contraceptives among women of reproductive age at Kampala International University Teaching Hospital (KIUTH), Bushenyi District. A Cross sectional study design with both descriptive and analytic components employing quantitative data collection methods. A total of 174women of the reproductive age group at KIUTH were interviewed between September 2021 and December, Self-administered questionnaires were used to collect data. Data was entered into Epi data 4.0 version and exportedto IBM SPSS version 20 for analysis. Data was summarized using frequency and percentage charts and presented in tables with P-values and Odds ratios and their respective Confidence intervals where necessary. Majority of participants 122(76.7%) were aged between 20-30 years and 31-45 years were the minority 6(3.8%). Banyankole 49(28.2%), Baganda 36(20.7%), Batooro and Bakiga were 10.9% and 9.8% respectively; 54 (31%) were Catholics followed by 48(27.6%) Protestants, 39(22.4%) saveds/born again Christians, 14(8%) Adventists among others 10.9% religions.  84(48.3%) reside in urban areas whereas the 76(43.7%) were rural dwellers; earning majorly 58(33.3%) less than 4,000 ug.shs (1 USD); 38(21.8%) Between 4,000 – 20,000 ug.shs (1 to 5 USD) and 35(20.1%) earn More Than 20,000 ug.shs (5 USD). And 97(55.7%) single, 68(39.1%) Married/ cohabiting/ in relationship and 6 (3.4%) Separated/ divorced at an education level of majority 146(85.4%) Tertiary, 12 (7%) secondary and 13 (7.6%) primary level and occupied mainly with 108(71.5%) studies, 14(9.3%) employed, 13(8.6%) business, 9(6%) peasant farmers, and lastly 7(4.6%) house wives. The proportion of people who use contraceptives is 75(44.9%); choice of contraceptives stands at; 40.7%, 17.3%, 16.7%, and 12.7% for condoms, Implanon, oral pills and injectables and safe days respectively. The partner’s influence on the choice of contraceptive methods was significant in this study and p-vale0.029, OR 2.168ere influenced. Since, the partner’s opinions were majorly and significantly encouraging pvale [0.015, OR 7.249]. available and accessible 38(21.3%) for each of these reasons; followed by being Safe with less side effects (20.1%); easy to use (7.9%) as well as being affordable (6.5%) among other reasons (10.8%). The prevalence of contraceptives uses among women of reproductive age attending KIUTH remains low (44.9%) with male condoms (40.7%) being the preferred choice This is socio-demographically affected by marital status, area of residence, occupation and income levels affecting one’s choice of a given option. Similarly, type and contraceptive’s durations, frequency, availability, accessibility and affordability as well as association of side effects and / or its effectiveness significantly affect the possibility it being a woman’s choice.

Keywords: Choice, contraceptive, women, reproductive age


Contraceptives are birth control methods including medicines, devices and/or any method intended to prevent pregnancy [1-5]. The planned use of contraceptives by couples or individuals is called Family planning, which involves making decision to have the required number of children at the appropriate time through utilization of contraceptive methods for the purpose of delaying spacing or limiting child birth [1]. Contraceptive methods are classified as modern or traditional methods. Modern methods include; female condoms oral contraceptive pills, emergency contraceptive pills injectable contraceptives, implants intrauterine device (IUD), female sterilization [6-9]. On the other hand, traditional methods include; Safe Days Method (SDM), Lactational Amenorrhea Method (LAM), rhythm and withdrawal [10].


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CITE AS: Emmanuel Kisega (2023). Factors Influencing the Choice of Contraceptive Methods among Women of Reproductive Age Attending Kampala International Universty-Teaching Hospital Bushenyi District. NEWPORT INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC AND EXPERIMENTAL SCIENCES (NIJSES) 3(3):129-139.