Exploring Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA) in Topic Modeling: Theory, Applications, and Future Directions

1Ugorji C. Calistus, 2Moses O. Onyesolu, 3Asogwa C. Doris and 4Chukwudumebi V. Egwu

    1, 2,3.4 Department of Computer Science, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, UNIZIK, Awka, Nigeria.

 Email: ugochuks2@gmail.com, mo.onyesolu@unizik.edu.ng, gi.akawuku@unizik.edu.ng.


In an era dominated by an unprecedented deluge of textual information, the need for effective methods to make sense of large datasets is more pressing than ever. This article takes a pragmatic approach to unraveling the intricacies of topic modeling, with a specific focus on the widely used Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA) algorithm. The initial segment of the article lays the groundwork by exploring the practical relevance of topic modeling in real-world scenarios. It addresses the everyday challenges faced by researchers and professionals dealing with vast amounts of unstructured text, emphasizing the potential of topic modeling to distill meaningful insights from seemingly chaotic data. Moving beyond theoretical abstraction, the article then delves into the mechanics of Latent Dirichlet Allocation. Developed in 2003 by Blei, Ng, and Jordan, LDA provides a probabilistic framework to identify latent topics within documents. The article takes a step-by-step approach to demystify LDA, offering a practical understanding of its components and the Bayesian principles governing its operation. A significant portion of the article is dedicated to the practical implementation of LDA. It provides insights into preprocessing steps, parameter tuning, and model evaluation, offering readers a hands-on guide to applying LDA in their own projects. Real-world examples and case studies showcase how LDA can be a valuable tool for tasks such as document clustering, topic summarization, and sentiment analysis. However, the journey through LDA is not without challenges, and the article candidly addresses these hurdles. Topics such as determining the optimal number of topics, the sensitivity of results to parameter settings, and the interpretability of outcomes are discussed. This realistic appraisal adds depth to the article, helping readers navigate the nuances and potential pitfalls of employing LDA in practice. Beyond the technical intricacies, the article explores the broad spectrum of applications where LDA has proven its efficacy. From text mining and information retrieval to social network analysis and healthcare informatics, LDA has left an indelible mark on diverse domains. Through practical examples, the article illustrates how LDA can be adapted to different contexts, showcasing its versatility as a tool for uncovering latent patterns.

Keywords: Topic Modeling, Latent Dirichlet Allocation, Text Mining, Natural Language Processing, Document Clustering, Bayesian Inference.

CITE AS: Ugorji C. Calistus, Moses O. Onyesolu, Asogwa C. Doris and Chukwudumebi V. Egwu (2024). Exploring Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA) in Topic Modeling: Theory, Applications, and Future Directions. NEWPORT INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES, 4(1):9-16. https://doi.org/10.59298/NIJEP/2024/41916.1.1100